Jumat, 25 Januari 2013

contoh-contoh perubahan word-formation


No
Process
Example
1
Mob - mobile
 Clipping
2
Patter - paternoster
Clipping
3
Wig - periwig
Clipping
4
Cab - cabriolet
Clipping
5
Brandy – brandy-wine
Clipping
6
Pun - pundigrion
Clipping
7
Grog - grogam
Clipping
8
Bus - omnibus
Clipping
9
Bant - banting
Clipping
10
Fad-fadaise
Clipping
11
Pike-turnpike
Clipping
12
Draw - drawbridge
Clipping
13
Coon - racoon
Clipping
14
Possum - opossum
Clipping
15
Cuss - customer
Clipping
16
Squash - askuasquah
Clipping
17
Cromo-cromolithograph
Backformation
18
Phone-telephone
Backformation
19
Gas- gasoline
clipping
20
Co-ed – co-educational
Clipping
21
Pop - populist
Clipping
22
Frat - fraternity
Backformation
23
Gym – gymnasium
Clipping
24
Movie – moving picture
Blending
25
Plane – air-plane
backformation
26
Prep school – preparatory school
Clipping
27
Auto - automobile
clipping
28
Aero - aeroplane
Clipping
29
Pep - pepper
Clipping
30
Flu - influenza
Clipping
31
Plute - plutocrat
Clipping
32
Vamp - vampire
Clipping
33
Pen – penitentiary
Clipping
34
Con – confidence
Clipping
35
Defi – defiance
Backformation
36
Beaut –beauty
Backformation
37
Rep – reputation
Clipping
38
Stenog – stenographer
Backformation
39
Pard – partner
Backformation
40
Coke – cocaine
Clipping
41
Simp – simpleton
Clipping
42
Ambish – ambition
Backformation
43
Vag – vagrant
Backformation
44
Champ – champion
Backformation
45
Diff – difference
Clipping
46
Grass – asparagus
Etimology
47
Mum – chrysanthemum
Clipping
48
Mutt – muttonhead
Clipping
49
Wiz – wizard
Clipping
50
Rube – reuben
Backformation
51
Hon – honey
Clipping
52
Barkeep – barkeeper
Backformation
53
Divvy – division
Backformation
54
Jit – jitney
Clipping
55
Smoker - smoking-car
Blending
56
Diner – dining-car
Blending
57
Sleeper – sleeping car
Blending
58
Oleo – eleomar-garine
clipping
59
Hypo – hyposulphite
Clipping
60
Yank – yankee
Backformation
61
Memo – memorandum
Clipping
62
Pop – popular
Clipping
63
Gator – alligator
Clipping
64
Foots- footlights
Clipping
65
Ham – hamfather
Clipping
66
Sub – substitute
Backformation
67
Knicker – knickerbocker
Clipping
68
Prof – professor
Clipping
69
Prom – promenade
Clipping
70
Soph = sophomore
Clipping
71
Grad – graduate
Clipping
72
Lab – laboratory
Clipping
73
Dorm – dormitory
Backformation
74
Plebe – plebeian
Backformation
75
Ad – advertisement
Clipping
76
“ad-writer”
Derivational
77
“want-ad”
Derivational
78
“display-ad”
Derivational
79
“ad-card”
Derivational
80
“ad-rate”
Derivational
81
“column-ad”
Derivational
82
“ad-man”
Derivational
83
Bo – hobo
Clipping
84
Hoak – hoakum
Backformation
85
Hum- hummer
Backformation
86
Try – trial
Backformation
87
To jell
Conversion (zero derivation)
88
To auto
Conversion (zero derivation)
89
To commute
Conversion (zero derivation)
90
To typewrite
Conversion (zero derivation)
91
To tiptoe
Conversion (zero derivation)
92
To reminisce
Conversion (zero derivation)
93
To insurge
Conversion (zero derivation)
94
To vamp
Conversion (zero derivation)
95
To peeve
Conversion (zero derivation)
96
To jubilate
Conversion (zero derivation)
97
To taxi
Conversion (zero derivation)
98
To orate
Conversion (zero derivation)
99
To bach
Conversion (zero derivation)
100
To barb
Conversion (zero derivation)
101
To chauf
Conversion (zero derivation)
102
To ready
Conversion (zero derivation)
103
To elocute
Conversion (zero derivation)
104
To burgle
Conversion (zero derivation)
105
To ush
Conversion (zero derivation)
106
To sculp
Conversion (zero derivation)
107
To butch
Conversion (zero derivation)
108
To con
Conversion (zero derivation)
109
To buttle
Conversion (zero derivation)
110
To barkeep
Conversion (zero derivation)
111
To dressmake
Conversion (zero derivation)
121
To housekeep
Conversion (zero derivation)
122
To boheme
Conversion (zero derivation)
123
To photo
Conversion (zero derivation)
124
To divvy
Conversion (zero derivation)
125
sesech
Conversion, backformation
126
Chortle ( chuckle&snort)
Blending
127
Dumbfound (dumb&confound)
Blending
128
Luncheon (lunchy&nuncheon)
Blending
129
Blurt (blare&spurt)
Blending
130
Gerrymander (Gerry&salamander)
Blending
131
Cablegram (cable+telegram)
Blending
132
Electrocute (electricity&execute)
Blending
133
Electrolier (electricity+chandelier)
Blending
134
Amerind (American+Indian)
Blending
135
Doggery (dog+grogerry)
Blending
136
Riffle (ripple&ruffle)
Blending
137
Travelogue(travel + monologue)
Blending
138
Pomato (potato&tomato)
Blending
139
Slanguage (slang+language)
Blending
140
Thon (that&one)
Blending
141
Boost (boom+horst)
Blending
142
Printerry (printing-office)
Blending
143
Harberteria
Derivational
144
Groceriteria
Derivational
145
Farmerette
Derivational
146
Conductorette
Derivational
147
Kitchenette
Derivational
148
Cellarette
Derivational
149
Featurette
Derivational
150
Leatherette
Derivational
151
Flannelette
Derivational
152
Crispette
Derivational
153
Usherette
Derivational
154
Huskerette
Derivational
155
Conducrorette
Derivational
156
Near-beer
Derivational
157
Near-silk
Derivational
158
Draftee
Derivational
159
Kreislerite
Derivational
160
Dps[ester
Derivational
161
Chalkogist
Derivational
162
Soap-boxer
Compounding
163
Picturedom
Derivational
164
Golfitis
Derivational
165
Palmerism
Derivational
166
To hoverize
Derivational, coinage
167
Probe
Backformation
168
Wed
Backformation
169
Hello-girl
Blending
170
Soul-mate
compounding
171
Love-nest
Compounding
172
Love-pirate
Compounding
173
O.K
Acronym
174
C.O.D
Acronym
175
N.G
Acronym
176
G.O.P
Acronym
177
P.D.Q
Acronym
178
O.R
Acronym
179
Ok
Borrowing,  Acronym
180
T.B
Acronym
181
G.B
Acronym
182
Q.T
Acronym
183
f.o.b
Acronym
184
D&D
Acronym
185
Sixteenth
Compounding
186
Corn-fed
Compounding
187
Tight-wad
Compounding
188
Bone-head
Compounding
189
Bleachers
Derivational
190
Juice
Compounding
191
To maffick
Conversion (zero derivation)
192
To limehouse
Conversion (zero derivation)
193
To strafe
Conversion (zero derivation)
194
To wangle
Conversion (zero derivation)
195
Joyride
compounding
196
Highbrow
Compounding
197
Readlouse
Compounding
198
Sobsister
Compounding
199
Frame-up
Compounding
200
Loan-shark
Compounding
211
Nature-faker
Compounding
212
Stand-patter
Compounding
213
Lounge-lizard
Compounding
214
Hash-foundry
compounding
215
Buzz-wagon
Compounding
216
Geezer
derivational
217
Piker
Derivational
218
Brynize
Derivational
219
Flecherize
Derivational
220
Oslerize
Derivational
221
Funeralize
Derivational
222
To belgiumize
Derivational
223
To vacationize
Derivational
224
To picturize
Derivational
225
To scenarioize
Derivational
226
To cohanize
Derivational
227
To citizenite
Derivational
228
To institutionalize
Derivational
229
To census
Derivational
230
To Wassermann
conversion
231
To major
Conversion
232
To debut
Conversion
233
To headquearters
Conversion
234
To vacation
Conversion
235
Specialing
Derivational
236
Concacted
Derivational
237
Service
Derivational
238
To lobby-display
Conversion
239
To demote
Conversion
240
To renig
 Backformation, conversion
241
Renegade
Derivational
242
S.O.S
Acronym
243
To knock
Conversion
244
To rattle
Conversion, blending
245
To roast
Conversion
246
To pan
Conversion
247
injunct
Conversion
248
Operate
Conversion
249
Cut-up
compounding
250
Showdown
Compounding
251
Kcik-in
Compounding
252
Come-down
Compounding
253
Hand-out
Compounding
254
Start-off
Compounding
255
Wind-up
Compounding
256
Run-in
Compounding
257
Balled-up
Compounding
258
Hand-up
Compounding
259
Turn-down
Compounding
260
Frame-up
Compounding
261
Stop-over
Compounding
262
Jump-off
Compounding
263
Lonesome
Compounding
264
Classy
derivational
265
Tasty
Derivational
266
Tony
Derivational
267
jazz
Etymology
268
Jinx
Etymology
269
Hobo
Etymology
270
Woozy
Etymology
271
Goo-goo
Etymology
272
Hoakum
Etymology
273
sundae
Etymology
274
Kodak
Coinage
275
Vaseline
Coinage
276
Listerine
Coinage
277
Postum
Coinage
278
Carborundum
Coinage
279
Klaxon
Coinage
280
Pianola
Coinage
281
Victrola
Coinage
282
Distagraph
Coinage
283
uneeda
Coinage
284
Alabastine
derivational
285
Protectograph
Derivational
286
Distograph
Derivational
287
Orangeade
Derivational
288
Crispette
Derivational
289
Pearline
Derivational
290
Electrolier
Derivational
291
Resinol
Derivational
292
Thermos
Derivational
293
Grafanola
Derivational
294
Shinola
Derivational
295
Sapolio
Derivational
296
Lysol
Derivational
297
Neolin
Derivational
298
Croscp
Derivational
299
Cascaret
Derivational
300
Wheatlet
Derivational
301
Chclet
Derivational
302
Palmolive
Derivational
303
Spearmint
Derivational
304
Peptomint
Derivational
305
Autocar
Derivational
306
Curicura
Blending
307
Damaskeene
Blending
308
Locomobile
Blending
309
Mobiloil
Blending
310
Oldsmobile
Blending
311
Hupmobile
Blending
312
Valspar
Blending
313
fiat
Borrowing
314
grandificent
Blending
315
sodalicious
Blending
316
warphan
Blending
317
swelldoodle
Borrowing, derivational
318
Splendiferous
Borrowing
319
peacharino
Borrowing















Morphology


LOGO UNISLA 2.jpg

Muhammad Nur Hidayatullah
FKIP 5A
38


UNISLA
2013

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