Kamis, 22 Maret 2012

analyze the texts and the dialogs depends on grammar focus

Lesson 1
Task 6 page 5
-          Teacher : good morning, students.
-          Students : good morning, ma’am
-          Teacher : my name is ani
I am ani, A-N-I
You can call me bu ani

-          Teacher :  What is your name?
-          Herry : herry
-          Teacher : good
(to another student)
-          Teacher : what is your name ?
-          Wibowo : wibowo
-          Teacher : how do you spell it?
-          Wibowo : W-I-B-O-W-O               

-          Teacher : what is your full name, please?
-          Doddy : doddy indra
-          Teacher : can you spell your last name ?
-          Doddy : I-N-D-R-A
-          Teacher : and your first name ?
-          Doddy : D-O-D-D-Y

Grammar focus :
A.      Noun : based on the dialog there are 10 nouns in dialog 1,2,3. those are teacher, students, student, ma’am, name, ani, herry, wibowo, indra, doddy. There are 5 pronoun in the dialogs. It means that the dialog tells detail of characters and easy to understand.
B.      Pronoun : there are 5 pronoun in the dialogs, those, I , another, you. 2 possesive pronoun , 2 personal pronoun and then 1 indefinitr pronoun. It means that the dialogs often use direct sentence and direct speaking
C.      Verb : there is 1 verb in the dialogs. It is spell. And this dialog use simple present tenses. This is good for beginner
-          Auxiliary : there are 3 pronoun. They are am , do, is. “What is your name?” and in “what is your full name, please?”.  And then in “how do you spell it?”. and use simple present tenses
D.      Adjective : there are 6 adjective. those are full, first, last, good, your, my. There are 2 adjective pronoun.
E.       Adverb : there is 1 adverb. It is “morning”.
F.       Article : there is no article word in the dialogs
G.     Conjunction : there is no conjunction word in the dialogs
H.      Preposition : there is 1 Preposition in the dialogs. It is “ to “.

Tasl 9 page 6
1.       Puty       : good night, anna
Anna     : bye, see you again
2.       Indra     : I will talk to you later. I must go now. See you
Melissa : see you
3.       Yuda      : well, cheerio, Margaret
Margaret : bye now. See you tomorrow
4.       Mr. smith : goodbye, miss linda.
Miss linda : goodbye, mr. smith. It’s been nice meeting you
5.       Miss Melanie : goodbye brain, see you tomorrow
Brain : yes good night, miss Melanie.

Grammar focus :
A.      Noun : there are (10) nouns in the dialogs. Those are puty , anna, indra, Melissa, yuda, Margaret, mr. smith, miss linda, miss Melanie, brain. Those are proper noun. it makes easy to understand the dialogs
B.      Pronoun : there are (3) pronouns. Those are “ I, you, it.” all of them are personal pronoun, because there are many direct speak. That is why personal pronoun often used in the dialogs.
C.      Verb : there are (3) verbs. It is see, talk, go. And use simple present tenses. It makes children understand the dialogs easely. More verb used in a dialog, it means more difficult to understand by children
D.      Auxiliary : there are (3) Auxiliaries. It is “ is, been, will, must” in this sentence “It’s been nice meeting you.” And in “I will talk to you later.” And then in “I must go now.”
E.       Adjective : there are () Adjectives. It is “ good, nice.” Very common adjective and this is very good for beginners or junior high school
F.       Adverb :there are () adverbs. It is “ night, tomorrow, now, again.”
G.     Article : there is no article in the dialogs
H.      Conjunction : there is no conjunction in the dialogs
I.        Preposition : there is 1 preposition in the dialogs. It is “ to “.


Task 5 page 9
                Hi, my name is Sandra. I am 12 years old. I am a first grade student of SLTP 3. I live with my parents and my little brother in a nice house. My address is jln. Melati 37, and my telephone number is 567013

Grammar focus :
A.      Noun : there are (). It is “ Sandra, years, student, SLTP, 3, grade, parents, brother, house, address, jln, melati, telephone, number. Many nouns in the text and so simple. It is very good for junior high school or elementary school
B.      Pronoun : there is (). It is I, my. The pronoun I and my often used in the text, because the text tells about the writer so the writer have to use the pronouns to make reader understand.
C.      Verb : there is (). It is “ live” and use simple present tenses. It makes students easy to understand the text.
D.      Auxiliary : there are (). It is “is, am” in this sentence “, my name is Sandra.” And “. I am a first grade student of SLTP 3.”
E.       Adjective :there are (). It is “, 12, old, first, little, nice, 567013.”
F.       Adverb : there is no
G.     Article : there is (). It is a
H.      Conjunction : there is 1 conjunction. It is “ And “
I.        Preposition : there are (2) preposition. It is” in, with”


Task 3 page 12
                My brother and I look very different. I have brown eyes and he has black eyes. We both have black hair, but I have long and straight hair, and he has short and curly hair. I am tall and thin, he is short and fat

Grammar focus :
A.      Noun : there are (3). It is brother, eyes, hair. Only 3 noun which we can find in the text, because it is description text so it doesn’t need many nouns to make readers understand the purpose of the text
B.      Pronoun : there are (). It is I, he, we, my. Personal pronoun “I, he” often used in the text because the writer try to tell us about the differences between her and his brother.
C.      Verb : there are (). It is look, have, has. It uses simple present tenses, because it is general information and will make easy to understand
D.      Auxiliary : there are (). It is am, is. “I am tall and thin” and then “he is short and fat.”
E.       Adjective : there are (). It is very, brown, black, long, straight, curly, short, tall, thin, different. Many adjectives in the text, because that is description text. The adjectives are very easy to understand.
F.       Adverb : there is no adverb
G.     Article : there is no article
H.      Conjunction : there is 2 conjunction. It is but, and. There are only 4 sentence in the text, so conjunction is good to make it as a good text
I.        Preposition : there is no Preposition.

Lesson 2

Task 4 page 20
                My teacher is miss yulia. She is a kind and patient teacher. She looks after her students well. Most of her lessons are interesting. She loves to help slow students to improve in their work. She often tells us jokes when we have done our work. I hope she will be my teacher again next year.
Grammar focus :
A.      Noun : there are (8). It is “teacher, miss yulia, teacher, students, lesson, work, jokes, year”.
B.      Pronoun : there are (7). It is my, she, her, their, us, we, i. many pronoun in the text makes the text looks so good without same noun in a sentence.
C.      Verb : there are (5). It is looks, tells, done, hope, improve. The text uses simple present tenses
D.      Auxiliary : there are (4). It is “ is, have, will, be”. They are in “My teacher is miss yulia,” then “when we have done our work”, then “I hope she will be my teacher again next year.”
E.       Adjective : there are (5). It is “ kind, patient, interesting, slow, well.
F.       Adverb : there are (5). It is “,  often, most , again, next.
G.     Article : there are (1). It is “ a”
H.      Conjunction : there are (1). It is when, and.
I.        Preposition : there are (3). It is “ of, to, in.


Task 8 page 21
                Nicky’s class has seven periods of lesson on Tuesday. The first two are for English. Then, one period for geography continued by mathematics for town hours separated by break time. The last two periods are for civics.

Grammar focus :
A.      Noun : there are 11 nouns in the dialog. Those are nicky, class, period, lesson, Tuesday, English, geography, mathematics, town, hours, time, civics. Many nouns in this text, and it will decrease number of pronoun or delete pronoun
B.      Pronoun : there is no pronoun in the text because many nouns in the text
C.      Verb : has, continued, separated, break. The text use simple present tenses. It makes the text easy to understand
D.      Auxiliary : there is 1 auxiliary in the text. It is “are”. In this sentence “The first two are for English.”
E.       Adjective : there are 6 adjective in the text. They are seven, first, two, one, last, two.
F.       Adverb : there is no adverb in this text
G.     Article : there is 1 article in this text. It is “ on “
H.      Conjunction :  there is 1 conjunction in the text. It is “then”
I.        Preposition : there are 3 preposition in the text. Those are of, for, by


Tasl 6 page 25
School rules and regulations
                All schools have rules, and these are examples from different school. Do you have the same rules in your school?
                Students must stand up when a teacher enters the classroom. They have to wear uniform, raise their hands when they want to speak, pledge allegiance to the flag once a day, and stand up when they answer question.
Students must not fight, wear jeans, eat in the classroom, chew gum, stay in the classroom during break, bring drugs, and drink any beverage during the lesson.

Grammar focus :
A.      Noun : there are 15 noun in the text. Those are schools, rules, school, teacher, classroom, uniform, hands, day, ask, jeans, gum, drugs, beverage, lesson, examples.
B.      Pronoun : there are 4 pronoun in the text. Those are these, you, they, their.
C.      Verb : there are 15 verbs in text. Those are  have, enter stand up, wear, raise, want, speak, fight, wear, chew, stay, bring, drink, pledge. The text use simple present tenses

D.      Auxiliary : there are 4 auxiliary in the text. Those are “are, have, must, do.” In this sentences
“Do you have the same rules in your school?”
“Students must not fight”
“these are examples from different school”
“.They have to wear uniform”

E.       Adjective : there are 3 adjectives in the text. Those are “different, same, allegiance”
F.       Adverb : there are 3 adverb in the text. Those are “during, once, when”.
G.     Article : there are 2 article in the text. Those are “any, a”.
H.      Conjunction : there are 1 conjunction in the text. It is “and”
I.        Preposition : there are 4 preposition in the text. Those are to, from, the, in.


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